Cultural inferiority complex roman architecture and engineering was never less than bold but its painting and sculpture was based on greek traditions and also on art forms developed in its vassal states like egypt and ancient persiato put it another way despite their spectacular military triumphs the romans had an inferiority complex in the face of greek artistic achievement. Ancient roman architecture adopted the external language of classical greek architecture for the purposes of the ancient romans but differed from greek buildings becoming a new architectural style the two styles are often considered one body of classical architectureroman architecture flourished in the roman republic and even more so under the empire when the great majority of surviving . Egyptian art and architecture egyptian art and architecture the architectural monuments sculptures paintings and decorative crafts of ancient egypt. Roman architecture differed fundamentally from this tradition because of the discovery experimentation and exploitation of concrete arches and vaulting a good example of this is the pantheon c 125 ce
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